All about NASA’s Artemis program

The Artemis programme is NASA’s strategy to send people back to the Moon as a first step toward a future trip to Mars.

The Artemis programme is NASA’s strategy to send people back to the Moon as a first step toward a future trip to Mars.

One of the objectives of Artemis is to land the first woman and person of colour on the lunar surface. Twelve men walked on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.

NASA's SLS rocket visuals at At Florida's Kennedy Space Center
At Florida’s Kennedy Space Center on August 26, 2022, NASA’s SLS rocket visuals.

On Monday, an unmanned Artemis rocket is scheduled to make its first test flight.

The Apollo programme was referenced in the choice of the name Artemis.

In Greek mythology, Artemis was Apollo’s twin sister and a goddess connected to the Moon.

What is Artemis program?

Artemis 1:

The Orion crew capsule and the 322-foot (98-meter) Space Launch System rocket are being tested during Artemis 1.

Monday at 8:33 am (12:33 GMT), Blastoff will launch from Florida’s Kennedy Space Center.

On the flight, sensors-equipped mannequins will replace the crew members and measure the levels of vibration, acceleration, and radiation.

Before landing in the Pacific Ocean, Orion will orbit the Moon.

Artemis 2:

The crewed Artemis 2 mission, scheduled for 2024, will orbit the Moon without making a surface landing, much like Apollo 8 did.

Before the year is over, the names of the crew’s four members will be announced. One of them is likely to be a Canadian.

Artemis 3:

Since Apollo 17 in December 1972, the third Artemis mission will be the first to send astronauts to the Moon.

The southern pole of the Moon, where water in the form of ice has been discovered, will be the site of NASA’s first crewed spacecraft landing.

Near the equator, Moon landings have previously taken place.

A programme audit conducted by a third party revealed that although Artemis 3 is supposed to happen in 2025, it might not happen until 2026 at the earliest.

NASA intends to launch crewed missions about once a year beginning with Artemis 3.

SpaceX Moon lander:

Elon Musk’s SpaceX has been chosen by NASA to construct the Moon lander for Artemis 3.

The still-in-development SpaceX Starship will act as a shuttle from the Orion crew capsule to the lunar surface and back.

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